By Samuel David Epstein, Erich M. Groat, Ruriko Kawashima, Hisatsugu Kitahara
A basic notion in all syntactic theories is that of a syntactic relation among syntactic items. whereas contemporary paintings within the Minimalist Framework has tried to give an explanation for the character of syntactic items by way of basic and conceptually beneficial assumptions concerning the language school, the relatives that carry among syntactic gadgets has now not been equally explored. The authors begin such an exploration and argue that convinced primary family members resembling c-command, dominance, and checking relatives could be defined inside a derivational method of structure-building.This strategy has major outcomes in regards to the structure of the syntactic part. Semantic and phonological interpretation needn't function upon the output phrase-structure illustration created through the syntactic derivation. Interpretation is extra comfortably computed derivationally, by means of examining the stairs of a derivation, instead of the one output constitution created by way of it. the result's a brand new and debatable level-free version of the syntactic section of the human language school. This topical and well timed Minimalist research will curiosity expert and theoretical linguists, syntacticians, and an individual drawn to modern ways to syntactic idea.
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Extra info for A Derivational Approach to Syntactic Relations
Thus we still have not answered at least one very deep question confronting the derivational approach, namely, (23): (23) Why does C-command exist at all? Why doesn't a category A simply enter into relations with all constituents in the tree? The derivational definition of C-command does not answer this question; rather, it simply asserts that X enters into C-command relations with all and only the terms of the category with which it is transformationally concatenated. Additionally, we have yet to explain the nature of more local relations, such as the Head-Complement relation, and the SpecHead relation, which like C-command have proven to be extremely useful postulates in theories of theta-assignment, predication, Agreement, and Checking relations.
To capture this, we propose that we reformulate the implicit First Law as a derivational, not a representational, law: 40 (27) A DERIVATIONAL APPROACH TO SYNTACTIC RELATIONS The First Law (Derivationally Construed) T1can enter into C-command relations with T2 only if there exists no derivational point at which: i. T1 is a proper subterm of K1, and ii. T2 is a proper subterm of K2, and iii. there is no K3 such that K1 and K2 are both terms of K3. Informally, there are no relations between members of two trees that were unconnected at any point in the derivation.
7 To explain this reconstruction asymmetry, exhibited by (12a) and (12b), Chomsky (1993:36) appeals to the following distinction concerning the introduction of arguments and adjuncts (see, among others, Riemsdijk and Williams 1981, Freidin 1986, and Lebeaux 1988,): (13) The introduction of arguments must be cyclic, whereas the introduction of adjuncts can be cyclic or noncyclic. 8 Let us examine how (13) and the minimalist assumptions interact to capture the reconstruction asymmetry, exhibited by (12a-b).
A Derivational Approach to Syntactic Relations by Samuel David Epstein, Erich M. Groat, Ruriko Kawashima, Hisatsugu Kitahara