By Luis López
During this quantity, Luis L?pez sheds new mild on details constitution and makes an important contribution to paintings on grammatical operations within the Minimalist software. via a cautious research of dislocations and concentration fronting in Romance, the writer exhibits that notions corresponding to 'topic' and 'focus', as often outlined, yield no predictions and proposes in its place a function method in line with the notions 'discourse anaphor' and 'contrast'. He provides a close version of syntax---information-structure interplay and argues that this interplay happens on the section point, with a privileged function for the sting of the section. additional, he investigates phenomena about the syntax of gadgets in Romance and Germanic - accusative A, p-movement, clitic doubling, scrambling, item shift - and exhibits that there are cross-linguistic correlations among syntactic configuration and specificity, self reliant of discourse connectedness. the amount ends with a longer research of the syntax of dislocations in Romance.
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Extra info for A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure (Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
41 Ant2 …Ant1 …Disl b. *Ant …Ant …Disl 2 1 c. Ant2 …Ant1 …Disl1 …Disl2 Thus, locality in this context is similar but not identical to what we Wnd in purely syntactic relations. For instance, an anaphor must refer to an antecedent within a domain, but not necessarily the closest antecedent: in ‘Mary showed Susan to herself ’, herself can refer to Mary or to Susan. A deeper exploration of this matter would lead us too far aWeld. Here, I limit myself to pointing out the locality between dislocate and antecedent.
Take Kiss (1998: 268): ‘‘[+contrastive] . . ’’ Similar deWnitions appear in Rochemont (1986) and Erteschik-Shir (2006), discussing English FF. 32)els ganivets (or the English ‘‘the knives,’’ as in the translation) is not necessarily known to the participants, as I said, anything can replace it. 10 Incidentally, notice that wh-phrases also involve contrast in the sense discussed here (as pointed out by Vallduvı´ and Vilkuna 1998). A long tradition in the semantic literature (Hamblin 1973) has posited that the meaning of a wh-question is the set of propositions that would provide an answer for the question.
Update is an instruction to enter the focus into the topic card. 22) Johntop likes cakefoc. Erteschik-Shir (2006) takes ‘John’ to receive the [topic] feature as it enters the numeration, while ‘cake’ is similarly valued as [focus]. The introduction of this proposition into the pragmatic component of the grammar triggers the following operations: 1. Pick the card for ‘john’ from the top of the Wle. 2. Enter the information ‘he likes cake’ on the card for ‘john’ (this is the update). 3. Open a new card, label it ‘cake’.
A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure (Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) by Luis López